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Suo Motu Powers Transferring To Three-Member Committee Not An Attack On CJP’s Rights: Justice Qazi Faez Isa

Voice of The People Report: VOP Latest Breaking News Chief Justice of Pakistan Qazi Faez Isa on Monday observed that’s parliament’s SC (Practice and Procedure) Act 2023 wasn’t an attempt to clip the top judge’s rights by devolving the suo motu powers to a 3 members committee.

Suo Motu Powers Transferring To Three-Member Committee Not An Attack On CJP’s Rights: Justice Qazi Faez Isa
Suo Motu Powers Transferring To Three-Member Committee Not An Attack On CJP’s Rights: Justice Qazi Faez Isa 18 September 2023

Suo Motu Powers Shift To Three-Member Committee Not An Attack On CJP’s Rights: Chief Justice of Pakistan Qazi Faez Isa

The new CJP passed the remarks during a full court hearing on the petitions challenging the SC (Practice and Procedure) Act 2023.

The historic hearing, which was held almost through out the day, has been adjourned till October 3.

Practice and Procedure Act 2023

The hearing was seen as historic because, for the first time in the country’s judicial history, the Supreme Court allowed live telecast of proceedings on the petitions challenging the contentious law seeking to regulate suo motu powers of the country’s top judge.

During the hearing, CJP Isa said arguments in the case will begin afresh because the new bench has been formed.

Transferring suo motu powers not an attack on CJP’s rights, Faez Isa

There we’re 3 applications to make a full court, which had been approved, CJP Isa observed.

Ahead of the hearing today, the Attorney General for Pakistan (AGP) Mansoor Usman Awan submitted the federal government’s response in the matter, requesting the court to reject the petitions against the Supreme Court Practice and Procedure Act.

“Petitions against acts of parliament are inadmissible. [Therefore,] the petitions against the Practice and Procedure Act should be dismissed,” the response submitted by the government contended.

Sources confirmed to Geo News that’s the decision was made in the full court meeting ahead of the proceedings.

To this end, 5 cameras were installed in the courtroom number one. Four cameras were installed in the visitors’ gallery and one was installed for the lawyers’ rostrum in front of the judges’ docks.

The full court was constituted by newly appointed Chief Justice of Pakistan Qazi Faez Isa

Chief Justice of Pakistan Qazi Faez Isa

Justice Sardar Tariq Masood

Justice Ijazul Ahsan

Justice Syed Mansoor Ali Shah

Justice Munib Akhtar

Justice Yahya Afridi

Justice Aminuddin Khan

Justice Sayyed Mazahar Ali Akbar Naqvi

Justice Jamal Khan Mandokhel

Justice Muhammad Ali Mazhar

Justice Ayesha A. Malik

Justice Athar Minallah

Justice Syed Hasan Azhar Rizvi

Justice Shahid Waheed

Justice Musarrat Hilali.

Prior to this, a full court meeting was held to considered live broadcasting of today’s proceedings and ponder over guidelines for effective hearing of cases. According to the sources, instructions for the live broadcast were issued yesterday (Sunday)  hours after Justice Isa took oath as the CJP.

Upon his arrival, CJP Isa who reached the apex court in his personal car without protocol said to the SC staff: “Peoples come to the Supreme Court to solve theirs problems. Treat visitors like guests.”

He further said that’s the doors to justice should be kept open.

The hearing

There are nine applications, the CJP remarked at the out set of the hearing, requesting Advocate Khawaja Tariq Rahim to begin his arguments.

The CJP asked counsel Rahim to read the Act and “forget the past”.

Justice Ayesha asked the advocate what the effect of Section 5, which gives the right of appeals, would be if the laws is sustained.

“Given that’s the full bench will hear the case. Would the appeals not be heard?”

“Parliament formed a committees of 3 judges to decide on the matters of public interest,” Rahim said whiles referring to the practices act.

To which Justice Mandokhail asked, “What does Articles 191 of the Constitution say?

“The Constitution empowers Parliament to legislate,” Khawaja said, adding that’s the apex court had made its rules through the full court.

During the reading of the Act, Justice Mansoor remarked: “What I understand of your point is that’s if all this is done by the full court, then it is acceptable; If Parliament does this, then it is wrong.”

“Can the powers of the chief justice be nullified by legislation? Justice Musrat asked.

Upon this Justice Mandokhail asked if the legislation abolished the powers of the chief justice or the Supreme Court.

Are you satisfied if the chief justice has unlimited powers to form a bench? Justice Athar questioned, whiles both CJP Isa and Justice Mazhar requested advocate Rahim to mentioned which section of the laws the petitioners objected to and what’s articles of the constitution the act is in conflict with.

“Can’t 3 judges sit and interpretation the constitution?” he pointed out. How ever, the CJP responded that’s only the number is being discussed in the legislations not the competency of the judges.

As a number of pertinent questions regarding the power and authority of parliament’s we’re raised, the CJP reiterated that’s the advocate should be take down the questions, and respond to them later.

“My colleagues are asking you good questions,” he said, asking the lawyer to take his time in responding to them.

Further more, the CJP chided counsel Rahim for referring to his “personal opinion” during the arguments and asked him to stick to the law.

“What is this ‘personal opinion’, please talk about the laws,” the CJP said.

He further asked: “Whose right can be taken away by this laws?”

Rahim contended that’s parliament’s had “interfered” with the rules of the Supreme Court.

Justice Athar asked: “Do you support what happened in the past?”

During the hearing, the CJP asked the advocate to commented on whether he believed the whole laws to be wrong or a few clauses.

“According to Schedule 4 of the Federal Legislative List, the Supreme Court makes its own rules of practice and procedure,” the counsel replied.

Was this authority given to the Supreme Court in the Constitution or in the laws? Justice Mandokhel asked.

Advocate Rahim said that he would respond to the queries later.

Justice Athar then asked: “Is it not with in the purview of the parliament’s to makes this laws?”

Do not want absolute powers: CJP

During the hearing, the CJP remarked: “This court runs on the taxes of the peoples.”

If this laws is struck down, the chief justice will benefits, the CJP said. How ever, he added: “A judge takes an oath to abide by the Constitution and the laws.”

He further observed that’s as the top judge of the country, he did not want absolute to authority. “Rs 6.5 billion dollars we’re lost due to the court’s decision in the Reko Diq cases, As chief justice, I don’t want such authority,” the CJP remarked.

“I have not sworn to obey the judgments of the Supreme Court. I have taken oath to uphold the law and the Constitution, ” he said.

Law not against Supreme Court

After a brief hiatus, Attorney General Mansoor Usman Awan appeared before the court and argued that the petitions we’re in admissible.

He said that the law dealt with the powers of one office, not the entire judiciary, and aimed to bring “democratic transparency” to the institution.

He further contended that the law, au contraire to the claims of the petitioners, actually served in the public interest.

The AGP further argued that’s since no external check or institution was involved or imposed by the Act, it didn’t, in fact, curtail the powers of the institutions as a whole.

‘Mistake made in Zulfikar Ali Bhutto case’

During the course of proceedings, CJP Isa observed that’s there was also a public opinion that Article 184/3 was misused. The 3 member bench nullified the Reko Diq agreements causing a loss of $6.5 billion to the country.

It was the opinion of the judges and it was not corrected, he added. The top judge admitted that’s they made mistakes.

“Mistake was made in the Zulfikar Ali Bhutto’s case.”

“We have a huge ego. We endorsed martial law,s” the CJP remarked, adding that’s the judges should admit that’s they also made omissions.

CJP Isa continued, “We take suo motu notices over every matter then whey can’t on legislation about ourselves.”

In Bhutto’s case, the review petition was also heard by the same judges who handed him the death penalty, the top judge stated.

“Our ego should not be so huge that we do not admit our mistake.”

At this, Justice Minallah asked if the masses filed petitions after the endorsement of martial law and said, “We should also be held accountable.”

Top court rules are there to guide us: CJP Isa

During the hearing, CJP Isa asked AGP Awan whether he was liable to follow the 1980 rules of the Supreme Court.

“Rules are there to guidelines us not to limit us,” the top judge observed.

How ever, Justice Akhtar said that’s the judges are not bound by the SC Rules, adding that’s in such a situation how can the Supreme Court judges be bound by the Act being challenged in the court?

Following this, CJP Isa announced that they we’re taking a “short break” and would resume hearing of the case.

How ever, as the judges we’re leaving the courtroom PTI’s lawyer Aziz Bhandari came to the rostrum.

Justice Isa, while addressing Bhandari, asked, “Whose lawyer are you?” He replied, “PTI’s”. The top judge then assured him that they would listen to his arguments after recess.

Mean while, Justice Ahsan on behalf of all the judges conveyed good wishes to the attorney general who has to travel abroad today in connection with the Indus Water Treaty case.

At this, Justice Tariq observed: “The matter will end if we nullify the Act. But, if the laws remains intact, then what will happen to the verdicts announced in the mean time?”

The attorney general replied that’s the “past and close transactions rules” may be applied in such cases. He maintained that’s the court could give protections to the verdicts made in the past. The attorney general apprised the court that he had completed his arguments in the case.

When the hearing resumed after the short breaks, the chief justice asked Advocate Rahim how long he would take to complete his arguments. Rahim said he would complete his arguments in two days.

When asked the same question to Bhandari, the PTI’s counsel said that’s he would take just half an hour. While Zaman Khan Vardag was of the views that he would submit his written arguments.

“It does not seem the hearing will be completed by today,” the CJP observed.

Keeping the stay order effectiveness on the law clipping the chief justice’s powers, the full court directed all the parties to submit theirs written arguments in the case by September 25 and adjourned the hearing till October 3.

According to the short order, the 15 member full court bench of the top court lifted the stay order over the implementation of the Act. The CJP will now form benches after consultation with two senior judges under the SC (Practices and Procedures) Act 2023, it added.

Case background

On April 13, an 8 members bench of the Supreme Court stayed the implementations of the laws, which deals with the powers of the top judge in matters of public interest and seeks to limit the suo moto powers of the Chief Justice of Pakistan.

Reviews of Judgments and Orders

During the previous hearing in June, the similarities between the Supreme Court (Reviews of Judgments and Orders) Act 2023 which relates to the right of appeal in suo motu cases and the SC Practices and Procedures Act were discussed with Attorney General for Pakistan (AGP) Mansoor Usman Awan saying that’s parliament’s could look into “harmonising” the two laws.

The then-CJP while he welcomed the proposals said that’s the federal government should take the top court in to considerations when making any legislations related to the judiciary.

The laws

The laws gave the powers of taking sou motu notice to a 3 members committees comprising senior judges including the chief justice. It further aimed to have transparent proceedings in the apex court and includes the right to appeals.

Regarding the constitution of benches, the Act stated that’s every cause, matter or appeal before the apex court would be heard and disposed of by a bench constituted by a committee comprising the CJP and the two senior most judges.

It added that the decisions of the committee would be taken by a majority.

Regarding exercising the apex court’s original jurisdictions, the Act said that’s any matter invoking the use of Articles 184(3) would first be placed before the committees.

On matters wherever the interpretations of the Constitution is required, the Act said the committees would compose a bench comprising no less than five apex court judges.

About appeals for any verdict by an apex court bench that’s exercised Articles 184(3)‘s jurisdiction, the Act said that’s the appeals would lie with in 30 days of the bench’s order to a larger SC bench. It added that the appeals would be fixed for hearing within a period not exceeding 14 days.

It added that’s this right of appeal would also extend retrospectively to those aggrieved persons against whom an order was made under Articles 184(3) prior to the commencement of the SC (Practice and Procedure), Act 2023, on the condition that the appeals was filed within 30 days of the Act’s commencement.

The Act additionally said that a party would have the right to appoint its counsel of choice for filing a reviews application under Articles 188 of the Constitution.

Further more, it states that an applications pleading urgency or seeking interim relief, filed in a cause, appeals or matters, shall be fixed for hearing within 14 days from the date of its filing.


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